Gita 101

Basics of Bhagvad Gita (Geeta, Bhagwad Gita)

Archive for the category “Guru Tattva”

God is the Supreme Guru

Lord is the Guru (spiritual guide, master) of the entire World –

“Krishnam Vande Jagadgurum”

“Jagadgurum cha shaashvatam”  (Manas,  Aranya.   4/9)

He is not merely a Guru,  rather is the eternal Master of all the Gurus.

“Sa Ishah paramo gururguruh”  (Srimad Bhagwat  8/24/50)

“Tvamasya poojyasch gururgareeyaan”  (Gita 11/43)

King Satyavrat says to the Lord –

“Like a blind person accepting another blind person as his guide to show path,  ignorant people accept other ignorant ones as their Guru.  O’ Lord!  You are illumed like the Sun, the sole illuminator, inspirer of all human senses.  I the Self, the seeker of ultimate truth,  elect You alone in the form of a Guru.”  (Srimad Bhagwat  8/24/50)

Most prominent of all devotees, king Prahlad says –

Shaastaa Vishnurasheshasya jagato yo hrdi sthitah |

Tamrute paramaatmanam taat kah ken shaasyate ||  (Vishnupuran 1/17/20)

“Lord Vishnu, situated in the heart is the guide and teacher of the whole world.   Dear Father!  who else can show the right path, other than the Lord Himself?  No one can.”   (Vishnupuran  1/17/20)

Since God is the Guru of the whole world and we too are part of this world itself, how can we be devoid of a Guru?  We are the disciples of the real great Guru.   There is some danger of the Gurus of presnt times of Kaliyug, but we need not feel scared when the world’s Almighty is our Guru. There is no chance of any loss or failure, rather there is nothing but gains.  Therefore if we accept God as our Guru,  study His utterances in Gita and reform our life accordingly,   there is no doubt about our liberation.   We may select any one –  Krishna,  Rama,  Sankara,  Hanuman,  Ganesha or the Sun as our Guru.

The king of elephants Gajendra says:

Yeh kashcnesho balinontkoragaat

Prachandvegaadabhidhaavato brsham |

Bheetam prapannam paripaati yadbhyaa –

Nmrutyuh pradhaavatyaranam tameemahi ||  (Srimad Bhagwat  8/2/33)

“The Lord Who give protection the the devotee,  who seeks refuge in Him,  from a highly poisonous fast running snake of time, and being scared of Whom even death is running,  I take refuge in Him.”

The essence of the Gajendra’s statement is,  “Even without knowing the identity of the Lord,  I take shelter in Almighty God.”  In the same way if we surrender ourselves to God, either we shall get a right Guru or God himself shall become our Guru.

We are a part of God  – “Mamaivaansho jeevaloke”  (Gita 15/7).  Therefore He is not only our Guru, but he is father, mother,  and everything for us.  Actually we are not to bind ourselves with a worldly Guru.  We have to accept our affinity with God. Real Guru is one who leads us to a deep bonding with God.  We need not seek anybody’s advice for this purpose because all beings are naturally and permanently bound with God and no middleman is required for this.  Why should we create the distance of a middleman, between us and God when we are ourselves capable of having an intimate and direct relationship with Him.  By doing so, we shall attain salvation even without seeking   –

Ati durlabh kaivalya param pad |  sant puraan nigam aagam bad ||

Ram bahat soyi mukuti gosaayi | an icchit aavayi bariaayi  ||  (Manas,  Utter.  119/2)

Therefore the Lord says in Gita –

Manmanaa bhava mad bhakto,  madhyaajee maam namaskuru |  (Gita 9/34, 18/65)

“Fix thy mind on Me,  be devotee to Me,  worship Me,  prostrate thyself before Me.”

Sarvadharmaanparityajya  maamekum sharanam vraja |  (Gita  18/66)

“Give up dependence on all duties and surrender completely to Me.”

The Lord speaks of complete surrender to Him without becoming a Guru.

Source : From book in hindi “Is Salvation Not Possible without a Guru? ” by Swami Ramsukhdasji.

The Essence of Guru

The science of soul or self is difficult to comprehend. Even after hearing about it, people cannot understand the soul (Gita 2/29). The understandig of self as part of God and beyond body is considered as the light of knowledge and accepting the self as the product of matter/ body is considered as the darkness of ignorance. Guru (Spirituaul Guide) is medium which takes us from darkness of ignorance to the light of knowledge. One who shows us this way of knowledge is our guru whether we accept it or not.

God is seated in everyone’s heart and gives knowledge from within (Gita 15/15). In reality, God is the Ultimate Guru because whoever receives knowledge, wisdom and enligtenment, he receives it from God only. The kowledge can be revealed from a particular individual, or from a particular scripture or any other source. That source of knowledge is considered the Guru but at its very core, it is God Himself who is the Guru of all(krishnam vande jagad-gurum). God within our heart arranges these different mediums of kowledge so that we can know Him and attain Him (Gita 10/11).

Gita and other Vedic scriptures emphasize to have gratitude towards these sources of knowledge. Anyone who takes us towards the light of knowledge is special. But that does not mean that those sources need to be blindly followed. There can be imperfect sources which can give us knowledge and one should accept what is right and reject the wrong. God within us should be the ultimate arbiter of what is right (Bhagavatam 11/7/20). Blindly following any source without inner judgment is discouraged.

In the path of knolwedge (Jnana Yog), Gita addresses the acceptance of the self-realized person as teacher (Gita 4/34), but in the path of action (Karma Yog) and the path of devotion (Bhakti Yog), Gita dees not indicate the need for a formal self-realized guru. The ceremony of diksha is actually acceptance of disciple’s eternal relationship with God. One does not need to have a binding formal relationship with the person who reveals knowledge. For example, the priest conducts the marriage ceremony between bride and groom and they are bound to each other for life. After the ceremony, the relationship is formed between hustand and wife and the priest’s work is complete. Same way, Guru connects the soul to God and the connection between soul and God becomes the main focus. Guru helps the person to be in front of God and does not to put himself in front of the person. Our duty is to be connected with God and not to develop a binding relationship with a Guru. Our relationship with God is eternal because we are part of God (Gita 15/7). Right now, we have forgotten that relationship. Guru’s role is to recall that forgotten relationship with God and not to form a new one with the Guru.

That One, from whom we receive knowledge and wisdom, from whom the true path is revealed, from whom the duties of life become known, from whom direction and goal of life becomes crystal clear, that is the essence of the guru (Guru Tattva). That Guru Tattva is within you. That Guru Tattva reveals the truth whether it comes from person, scripture etc. Guru Purnima is the day when the seeker shows gratitude to Guru within and the different spiritual gurus who have helped him to go towards light. This gratitude is important part of seeker’s eveyday life but this day is specially dedicated to honor it.

Source : “Kya guru ke bina mukti nahi” and “Saccha Guru Kuan” by Swami Ramsukhdasji

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