Gita 101

Basics of Bhagvad Gita (Geeta, Bhagwad Gita)

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Impressions of Favorable and Unfavorable Situations are Not in You

Impressions of Favorable and Unfavorable Situations are Not in You

(Vikaar Aap Mein Nahi Hai)

It is not a rule that before realizing God, one becomes free of all impressions of favorable and unfavorable, i.e. existential distortions (vikaar).   But after realizing God, all distortions (vikaar) are wiped out.

Rasopyasya param drushtvaa nivartate”  (Gita 2/59)

“The distortions of the mind in the form of relish, pleasure and delight come to an end, on realizing God.” (Gita 2:59).

In this there is one very extra-ordinary point,  which is extremely beneficial.    It is my sincere prayer, that you go deep into it and understand it.

We get a person, thing, situation etc that is favorable to us,  and we don’t get a person, thing, situation etc that is to our liking –  This is Life!  The extent to which favorable and unfavorable situations make an impression on us, is called “vikaar.”    We have to become free from these “vikaars” – impressions of favorable and unfavorable situations; because as long as there is vikaar, the turmoil of these various impressions continues,  till then there will not be peace.

Search within that where do these vikaars (restlessness from impressions) reside?   The vikaar is in the mind, intellect, in the inner senses.   Therefore vikaar are taking place in the “karan”  (instrument), not in the “kartaa” (doer).   This is the main point that needs to be understood.    If you receive something that is favorable,  you become pleased,  and if you receive something unfavorable,  then you become displeased – these are two states.   In these two states,  are you two or one?  Think about this point.    In a state of happiness, you were that one, and in a state of unhappiness, you were the same one –  isn’t this the truth or not?   In reality, these states are also in the mind-intellect,  but you assume them to be in you – this is the mistake that you make.    In pleasant and unpleasant states,  you believe yourself to be happy and unhappy.   The impressions of pleasure and displeasure fall on the inner senses (antahkaran),  then you become happy and sad.   You assume that “vikaar” to be in you.   In fact these impressions of various changes are not in you at all,  the impression of turmoil are on the inner senses (antahkaran).

You know both pleasant and unpleasant.  Only he can know both, who is separate from both of them.    He who remain even in pleasure and also in displeasure, both that pleasure and displeasure can be known by him.  Happiness is separate and unhappiness is separate.  The one who remains separate from these two, knows these two.    If he had blended with these, then he would not be able to know both pleasure and displeasure.  Rather he would know only one of them with whom he has remained.

The second point is that while being happy also you are the same and why being unhappy too, you are the same, therefore only you are able to experience them separate and apart.    He who can experience separately both pleasure and displeasure he is separate from pleasure and displeasure.    When will one experience being separate from pleasure and displeasure?   When you do not remain established in “nature” (prakriti) and become established in the “swa” (self).    “Samadukhsukhaswasthah” (Gita 14/24). Nature is filled with favorable and unfavorable impressions.    If you become established in nature, then surely there will be these mental distortions.   But these distortions will never be in you (self),  never ever.   Even in a state of ignorance, there were no distortions in you.   There has never been any impressions and distortions in your self,  there can never be.   If there were distortions in you, then they would never go away.     The impressions and distortions are in Nature.    Experiencing yourself to be separate from nature is enlightenment.  It is attaining liberation.

As such you are separate from Nature.    Please have mercy, you pay attention and try to understand this point.  You are not the kind to come and go.  God has said –

Maatraasparshaastu kounteya sheetoshnasukhdukhdaah |

Aagamaapaayino’nityaastaamstitikshasva bhaarata ||  (Gita 2/14)

“Oh Sun of Kunti ! those bodily sense objects, that give rise to feelings of heat and cold, pleasure and pain etc, (happiness and unhappiness through favorable and unfavorable situations) are transitory and fleeting. Therefore Arjuna, bare these patiently. (i.e. remain unaffected by them or ignore them).  (to be continued)  

From book in Hindi “Satsang ka Prasaad”  by Swami Ramsukhdasji


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