Gita 101

Basics of Bhagvad Gita (Geeta, Bhagwad Gita)

Archive for the tag “Hindu”

How to remember God at all times?

Lord says in the Srimad Bhagavad Gita –

 Tasmaatsarveshu kaaleshu maamanusmara yudhya cha |  (Gita 8/7) 
Therefore, think of Me at all times and fight the war (do your duty). (Gita 8/7)   

Krishna asks Arjun to do his duty of fighting to protect dharma. While doing his duty, he is supposed to think of God all the time. All of us are faced with the same situation. One is supposed to do his duties at home and work. While doing duties, one is supposed to remember God. There can be three ways to achieve such remembrance:

1) While remembering God, do the work. (Here remembrance is foremost and work is secondary.)
2) While doing work, remember God. (Here work is foremost and remembrance is secondary.)
3) Only do God’s work. (Here exclusive feelings towards God areprimary.)

Most of the people try to follow #1 and #2. Some people do minimal amount of duties and make remembrance their prime focus.    Some other people try to do their duties and take care of their family and friends and try to remember God while doing their duties. Most of these people struggle to remember God and tend to forget him. One obvious reason is the lack of alertness. But they also make very grave mistake. They accept their body, family, work and business as their own and have feeling on mine-ness towards it. Therefore, God is forgotten again and again and it is difficult to remember Him. If one does only God’s work, then God will always be remembered. There is sense of mine-ness towards God and His work and therefore, remembrance happens all the time. Therefore, one should have a firm resolve to do only God’s work so that one can always remember Him.

What is God’s work? In order to do God’s work, one must accept and understand the truth. The truth is that everything  belongs to God. All living entities are part of God as God is in everyone. All activities done are God’s work as God is everyone. The problem is that one does God’s work as his work and with mine-ness towards work, people and objects around him.  As soon as one gives up this mine-ness and accepts the truth that everything belongs to God, all work becomes God’s work. One must firmly accept – “I am God’s and God is mine.” One should accept that this house is not mine, the work is not mine. House, work, business and family member all are God’s. With the power bestowed by God, I am doing only His work for the happiness and pleasure of people around me who are His. In this manner, this fixed and solid feeling of mine-ness, will become natural and “smaran” remembrance of God will take place on its own.  There is no need for effort in remembering God.  But as long as I continue to regard the house etc., as mine,  till then, there will be a lapse in the “smaran” (remembrance).

While staying at hotel, one clearly knows that the hotel and the object in hotel are not his. Same way, we are traveller in this work and are supposed to stay for short duration of time. While staying here, one must clearly know that the body, the family , the wealth, and the possessions are not his. They are given for short time and will be taken away after sometime. They are not his. Only God who pervades in all beings is only His. Accept the mine-ness with God and give up your mine-ness to this world, You will  be situated in constant remembrance of God and you will always do God’s work.

Source : Inspired by book in HIndi Jivan Upayogi Pravachan by Swami Ramsukhdasji

Where is the disagreement!

Sri Sankracarya writes in Bhaj Govindam:

त्वयि मयि चान्यत्रैको विष्णुः व्यर्थं कुप्यसि सर्वसहिष्णुः। सर्वस्मिन्नपि पश्यात्मानं सर्वत्रोत्सृज भेदाज्ञानम् ॥

The same God dwells in absolutely everyone, where is the reason for any disagreement. Bar none. See the identical soul in everyone. Come off your conditioning.

The Real and the Un-real

Gita scientifically distinguishes between the Real and Unreal. Chapter 2 starts with the description of the Real and Unreal and the discrimination between these two continues till the end. Those who know these two attain the Supreme (Gita 13.24). That which was not in the past and which will not be in the future, but that which seeming exists only in present is called Unreal. Unreal is non-existent in the present and reality seen is considered illusory. All perishable objects including the body and matter are considered unreal or illusory. The Real is that which defies all changes and remains the same in all the periods of time: past, present and future. Atma or the self characterized by the sense of “I” is eternal and real. All living entities are part of the higher nature (real) whereas their perishable bodies are part of illusory nature (unreal). When one misunderstands rope to be the snake, then the appearance of the snake is considered unreal because this hallucination is not permanent and it does not remain after the  discovery of the rope i.e real. Similarly, on waking up from dream we don’t get upset with the incidents in the dream as we realize that the dream is unreal or does not exist anymore. During the dream, it may feel so real but the objects in dream have no factual existence  and therefore, imaginary, illusory and unreal. The self or the know-er of body is real whereas the non-self including body is unreal. The seer is real whereas the seen is unreal. The consciousness is real whereas inert matter is unreal.

While living in this world, we experience death, fleeting happiness and distress, incompleteness and ignorance. Gita is clear that all these experiences are illusory and we are not the bodies. We are part the Real, which is eternal (sat), full of knowledge, conscious (chid), full of happiness, complete (purna), without any change or modification and always existing in all times in its own form. The experiences of the body like heat and cold, pleasure and pain, are unreal, impermanent and have a beginning and an end. Those who know both real and unreal nature endure these experiences understanding that they are transitory and don’t affect the eternal Self.

(Source: Holy Geeta By Swami Chinmayananda)

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